常见浏览器对比

转载 (原文地址) 草影儿 随笔 web前端 2036阅读 2012-10-10 12:09:21 举报

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:36.0pt;text-indent:-36.0pt;
mso-char-indent-count:0;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif";mso-bidi-font-family:
微软雅黑">一.<span .="font-size: 7pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; ">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
</span></span><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">各浏览器的简要介绍<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:36.0pt;text-indent:0cm;mso-char-indent-count:
0"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">1<a name="OLE_LINK3">.IE</a></span><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">(</span><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif";mso-bidi-font-family:
宋体;color:fuchsia">Trident</span><span .="font-size: 12pt; font-family: 微软雅黑, sans-serif; ">)</span><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif""></span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:54.0pt;text-indent:0cm;mso-char-indent-count:
0"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">IE
</span><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">浏览器是微软公司(<span lang="EN-US">Microsoft</span>)出品的老牌浏览器:诞生于<span lang="EN-US"> 1995 </span>年。现在市场占有率
排名第一。 我们现在一般所见的<span lang="EN-US"> IE </span>版本有<span lang="EN-US"> IE6,IE7,IE8,IE9</span>。
其中<span lang="EN-US"> IE6 </span>开始慢慢地被淘汰, 但是起占有率尤其是配置较低的旧电脑上比较高。<span lang="EN-US"> IE7 </span>现在并不常见,因为它与它的升级版 本<span lang="EN-US"> IE8 </span>风格外观操作习惯十分相像,所以很快被<span lang="EN-US"> IE8 </span>取代。<span lang="EN-US">IE8 </span>在功能上和兼容性<span lang="EN-US">(3)</span>上都
较<span lang="EN-US"> IE7 </span>有所提升。<span lang="EN-US">IE9 </span>是目前微软主推的浏览器。</span><span .="font-size:10.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif";color:#222222">(内置<span lang="EN-US">win8</span>的<span lang="EN-US">ie10</span>被更新)</span><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif""></span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:54.0pt;text-indent:0cm;mso-char-indent-count:
0"><span .="font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif";mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;
mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma">了解版本以及性能:</span><span lang="EN-US"><a href="http://baike.baidu.com/view/703.htm"; target="_blank">http://baike.baidu.com/view/703.htm</a></span><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif""></span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:36.0pt;text-indent:0cm;mso-char-indent-count:
0"><a name="OLE_LINK2"></a><a name="OLE_LINK1"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">2.Firefox(</span></a><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif";mso-bidi-font-family:
宋体;color:fuchsia">Geckos</span><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;
font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">)</span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:36.0pt;text-indent:13.5pt;
mso-char-indent-count:0"><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">由<span lang="EN-US"> Mozilla </span>基金会(谋智网络)与开源团体共同开发的网页浏览器。重要 历史:诞生于<span lang="EN-US">
2004 </span>年,现在更新到<span lang="EN-US"> Firefox 16.0 </span>版本。现在市场占有率排名第二。火狐浏 览器以其丰富多彩的插件(<span lang="EN-US">Add-on</span>)著称,并以此给使用者巨大的便利。<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:36.0pt;text-indent:13.5pt;
mso-char-indent-count:0"><a name="OLE_LINK6"></a><a name="OLE_LINK5"></a><a name="OLE_LINK4"><span .="font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif";mso-ascii-font-family:
Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma">了解版本以及性能:</span></a><a href="http://baike.baidu.com/view/3279.htm#sub5081724"; target="_blank"><span lang="EN-US">http://baike.baidu.com/view/3279.htm#sub5081724</span></a><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif""></span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:36.0pt;text-indent:0cm;mso-char-indent-count:
0"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">3.Chrome(</span><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif";mso-bidi-font-family:
宋体;color:fuchsia">Webkit</span><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;
font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">)</span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:36.0pt;text-indent:0cm;mso-char-indent-count:
0"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">&nbsp;&nbsp; Chrome </span><span .="font-size:12.0pt;
font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">浏览器是谷歌公司(<span lang="EN-US">Google</span>)推出的一款浏览器。诞生于<span lang="EN-US"> 2009 </span>年,<span lang="EN-US"> Chrome </span>就突出一个特点: 尤其在与<span lang="EN-US"> IE8 </span>的对比中, 快。 其速度占明显优势,并迫使微软投入大量精力研发<span lang="EN-US"> IE9.</span>并且其在可视面积,书签及扩展应
用的同步上做的相当不错。<span lang="EN-US">Chrome </span>是近年来增长速度最快的浏览器。<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:36.0pt;text-indent:0cm;mso-char-indent-count:
0"><span .="font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif";mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;
mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma">了解版本以及性能:</span><span lang="EN-US"><a href="http://baike.baidu.com/view/1835504.htm"; target="_blank">http://baike.baidu.com/view/1835504.htm</a></span><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif""></span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:36.0pt;text-indent:0cm;mso-char-indent-count:
0"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">4.<a name="OLE_LINK8"></a><a name="OLE_LINK7">Safari</a>(</span><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif";mso-bidi-font-family:
宋体;color:fuchsia">Webkit</span><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;
font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">)</span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:36.0pt;text-indent:0cm;mso-char-indent-count:
0"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">Safari
</span><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">浏览器<span lang="EN-US"> Safari </span>浏览器是苹果公司(<span lang="EN-US">Apple</span>)推出的浏览器,其起初只有<span lang="EN-US"> Mac </span>版本,在<span lang="EN-US"> 2007 </span>年发 布了<span lang="EN-US">
Windows </span>版本,现在最新版本为<span lang="EN-US"> Safar I for windows 5.0.x</span>。<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:36.0pt;text-indent:0cm;mso-char-indent-count:
0"><span .="font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif";mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;
mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma">了解版本以及性能:</span><span lang="EN-US"><a href="http://baike.baidu.com/view/110484.htm"; target="_blank">http://baike.baidu.com/view/110484.htm</a></span><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif""></span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal" .="text-indent:36.0pt;mso-char-indent-count:3.0"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">5.<a name="OLE_LINK10"></a><a name="OLE_LINK9">Opera</a></span><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif";mso-bidi-font-family:
宋体;color:fuchsia"> (Presto)</span><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;
font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif""></span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:36.0pt;text-indent:0cm;mso-char-indent-count:
0"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">Opera
</span><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">浏览器<span lang="EN-US"> Opera </span>浏览器是由挪威欧普拉软件公司(<span lang="EN-US">Opera Software ASA</span>)制造的一款浏览器。它
诞生于<span lang="EN-US"> 1997 </span>年,现在最新的版本是 <span lang="EN-US">Opera 11.0 for
Windows</span>。它第一个应用了快速拨 号,而后这一应用几乎被所有的主流浏览器以不同形式使用。<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:36.0pt;text-indent:0cm;mso-char-indent-count:
0"><span .="font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif";mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;
mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma">了解版本以及性能:</span><span lang="EN-US"><a href="http://baike.baidu.com/view/10019.htm"; target="_blank">http://baike.baidu.com/view/10019.htm</a></span><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif""></span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal" .="margin-bottom:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:
justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph;mso-pagination:none;mso-layout-grid-align:
auto"><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif";mso-bidi-font-family:
"Times New Roman";mso-font-kerning:1.0pt">简单的总结一下:<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal" .="margin-bottom:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:
justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph;mso-pagination:none;mso-layout-grid-align:
auto"><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif";mso-bidi-font-family:
"Times New Roman";mso-font-kerning:1.0pt">使用<span lang="EN-US" .="color:red">Trident</span>内核的浏览器:<span lang="EN-US">IE</span>、<span lang="EN-US">Maxthon</span>、<span lang="EN-US">TT</span>、<span lang="EN-US">The World</span>等;<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal" .="margin-bottom:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:
justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph;mso-pagination:none;mso-layout-grid-align:
auto"><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif";mso-bidi-font-family:
"Times New Roman";mso-font-kerning:1.0pt">使用<span lang="EN-US" .="color:red">Gecko</span>内核的浏览器:<span lang="EN-US">Netcape6</span>及以上版本、<span lang="EN-US">FireFox</span>、<span lang="EN-US">MozillaSuite/SeaMonkey</span>;<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal" .="margin-bottom:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:
justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph;mso-pagination:none;mso-layout-grid-align:
auto"><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif";mso-bidi-font-family:
"Times New Roman";mso-font-kerning:1.0pt">使用<span lang="EN-US" .="color:red">Presto</span>内核的浏览器:<span lang="EN-US">Opera7</span>及以上版本;<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal" .="margin-bottom:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:
justify;text-justify:inter-ideograph;mso-pagination:none;mso-layout-grid-align:
auto"><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif";mso-bidi-font-family:
"Times New Roman";mso-font-kerning:1.0pt">使用<span lang="EN-US" .="color:red">Webkit</span>内核的浏览器:<span lang="EN-US">Safari</span>、<span lang="EN-US">Chrome</span></span></p>

<p .="margin-top:0cm;margin-right:0cm;margin-bottom:3.75pt;margin-left:
0cm;background:white"><span .="font-family: 微软雅黑, sans-serif; ">做前端兼容性时候建议测试顺序<span lang="EN-US">:&nbsp;</span></span></p>

<p .="margin-top:0cm;margin-right:0cm;margin-bottom:3.75pt;margin-left:
0cm;background:white"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif";
color:red">FireFox–&gt;IE7–&gt;IE8–&gt;IE6–&gt;Opera–&gt;Chrome–&gt;Saf</span><span lang="EN-US" .="font-family: 微软雅黑, sans-serif; ">ari,&nbsp;</span><span .="font-family: 微软雅黑, sans-serif; ">建议安装<span lang="EN-US">firebug</span>及<span lang="EN-US">IE&nbsp;Tab&nbsp;Plus</span>插件<span lang="EN-US">.</span></span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">&nbsp;</span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:36.0pt;text-indent:-36.0pt;
mso-char-indent-count:0;mso-list:l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif";mso-bidi-font-family:
微软雅黑">二.<span .="font-size: 7pt; line-height: normal; font-family: 'Times New Roman'; ">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
</span></span><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">市场占有率:<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:36.0pt;text-indent:0cm;mso-char-indent-count:
0"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">Ie&gt;firefox&gt;chrome&gt;safari&gt;opera</span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal"><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">三.各浏览器速度比较<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:36.0pt;text-indent:0cm;mso-char-indent-count:
0"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">Chrome
&gt;Firefox &gt; Opera &gt;IE &gt;Safari</span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal"><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">四.内存资源占用<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:36.0pt;text-indent:0cm;mso-char-indent-count:
0"><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">总结:在单标签网页情况下,<span lang="EN-US">IE </span>浏览器占用内存较小,其他几个浏览器差别不大;在多标 签时<span lang="EN-US"> Firefox </span>和<span lang="EN-US"> Opera </span>浏览器有较大优势,而其他浏览器占用内存不可谓不大。<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:36.0pt;text-indent:0cm;mso-char-indent-count:
0"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">&nbsp;</span><span .="font-size:12.0pt;
font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">通过综合比较:<span lang="EN-US">Firefox </span>优于<span lang="EN-US"> Opera </span>优于<span lang="EN-US"> IE </span>优于<span lang="EN-US">
Chrome </span>优于<span lang="EN-US"> Safari</span></span></p>

<p .="MsoListParagraph" .="margin-left:36.0pt;text-indent:0cm;mso-char-indent-count:
0"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">Firefox
&lt;Opera &lt; IE &lt; Chrome &lt;Safari</span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal"><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">五.兼容性<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><span .="font-size:12.0pt;
font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">一般认为<span lang="EN-US"> IE </span>的兼容性最好,很多网站在在建站时都是依据<span lang="EN-US"> IE </span>浏览器的显示作调整。另外<span lang="EN-US"> Firefox </span>兼容性很不错,<span lang="EN-US">Chrome </span>在刚开始时兼容性问题比较常见,例如在山魂海韵<span lang="EN-US"> BBS </span>的回复,
在预览里显示正常, 但是实际显示时有很多乱码。 不过随着<span lang="EN-US"> Chrome </span>的迅速成长, 网站再考虑兼容性时开始考虑到<span lang="EN-US"> Chrome</span>,现在<span lang="EN-US"> Chrome </span>的兼容性问题绝大多数得到了解 决。<span lang="EN-US">Safari </span>在<span lang="EN-US"> Windows </span>下的兼容性不好,山魂海韵<span lang="EN-US"> BBS </span>显示就不能正常显示,<span lang="EN-US">Opera </span>的兼容一般。 另外:兼容性问题一般都能通过插件扩展解决。例如<span lang="EN-US"> Chrome </span>的<span lang="EN-US"> IE Tab</span>。<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal"><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">六、可视面积:<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal" .="text-indent:24.0pt;mso-char-indent-count:2.0"><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">可以发现在默认条件下,<span lang="EN-US">IE8</span>、<span lang="EN-US">Firefox </span>上部分有点过于庸窘,而<span lang="EN-US"> Chrome </span>和<span lang="EN-US"> Opera </span>则较 简洁,显示内容较多。而<span lang="EN-US"> Safari </span>比较遗憾,直接不兼容。这或许也是在速度方面,<span lang="EN-US">Safari </span>落后较多的原因。<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal"><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">七、扩展功能<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; IE </span><span .="font-size:12.0pt;
font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">的插件较少,大多数是微软或其他软件公司开发的。 扩展功能毫无疑问是<span lang="EN-US"> Firefox </span>扩展功能最多,这也是<span lang="EN-US"> Firefox </span>的最大优势,有开源的社区作
为支持。<span lang="EN-US"><br>
</span>而<span lang="EN-US"> Chrome </span>的扩展应用数量也在迅速增多,且实现功能较多。<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">Safari</span><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">:<span lang="EN-US">
Windows </span>下<span lang="EN-US"> Safari </span>插件还比较少。<span lang="EN-US"><br>
Opera </span>插件一般由社区发布,质量较高。<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal"><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">八、衍生浏览器;<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal" .="text-indent:42.0pt;mso-char-indent-count:3.5"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">1</span><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">、<span lang="EN-US">IE </span>浏览器的衍生浏览器比较多:它们以<span lang="EN-US"> IE </span>为内核,然后优化外观,增加部分功能。常 见的有:<span lang="EN-US">360 </span>浏览器、世界之窗浏览器、傲游浏览器(新版遨游是双内核)、<span lang="EN-US">TT </span>浏览器。<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal" .="text-indent:42.0pt;mso-char-indent-count:3.5"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">&nbsp;2</span><span .="font-size:12.0pt;
font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">、<span lang="EN-US">Firefox </span>衍生浏览器不常见,一般是具有特殊功能的浏览器,喜欢在<span lang="EN-US"> Firefox </span>基础上进 行衍生改进。例如紫狐浏览器。<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal" .="text-indent:42.0pt;mso-char-indent-count:3.5"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">3</span><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">、<span lang="EN-US">Chrome
</span>衍生浏览器现在开始增多,国内原来以<span lang="EN-US"> IE </span>作为内核的浏览器基本上都做了以<span lang="EN-US"> Chrome </span>为基础的衍生浏览器。 例如360浏览器极速版、 世界之窗极速版、<span lang="EN-US">
Chromeplus</span>。 <span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

<p .="MsoNormal" .="text-indent:42.0pt;mso-char-indent-count:3.5"><span lang="EN-US" .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">4</span><span .="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"微软雅黑","sans-serif"">、<span lang="EN-US">Safari
</span>和<span lang="EN-US"> Opera </span>衍生浏览器较少。<span lang="EN-US"></span></span></p>

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